Technology Neutrality for Sustainable Transport
Technology neutrality is a contested postulate in Germany. The summary of our study on the subject is now also available in English.
Technology neutrality is a contested postulate. We took a closer look in order to provide more clarity for policy making. One key finding: Technology openness does not mean technology neutrality. The summary of our study - now also in English: agora-verkehrswende.de/en/publication… #transport pic.twitter.com/po7rnS1jZ6
We presented our proposal for a green stimulus programme and discussed the latest policy developments in a webinar. Here you can watch the recording.
Our proposal for a green stimulus programme for Germany is now also available in English.
Bilateral exchange on the integration of electric vehicles into the power system
A study commissioned by Agora Verkehrswende has determined what the German government would have to do help keep global warming to 1.5°C. According to…
According to a new report, CO2 emissions from transport are still rising. If immediate action is not taken, more radical measures will be unavoidable…
Germany and France should forge an energy transition alliance – this is the key conclusion of a call to action by three think tanks published…
Without immediate climate action, Germany will fall well short of its 2020 targets
An interview with Jan Gehl about the urban transformation already underway in many places.
Twelve insights into sustainable transport – New report now available in English
In a recent study, Agora Verkehrswende considers the challenges faced by the G20 countries in the transport sector. Presented at the World Climate…
In a presentation held at the offices of Agora Verkehrswende in Berlin on 17 November, Dr. Nic Lutsey shared his views on the global development of…
Initiatives are required on the part of the public and private sectors in order to ensure the supply of raw materials needed to manufacture electric…
A recent study commissioned by Agora Verkehrswende and Agora Energiewende investigates the costs and potential uses of fuels synthesized from…
Between 1990 and 2015, greenhouse gas emissions in Germany fell significantly in all sectors – with the exception of transport, which saw virtually no change. Without decarbonising transport, Germany cannot achieve its national climate protection goals or uphold its international carbon reduction committments. The challenge is to make transport climate-neutral by 2050.more
The decarbonisation of the transport sector not only requires a reduction in energy consumption. Ultimately, all energy must come from renewable sources. A “mobility transition” will ensure that energy demand is reduced without restricting mobility, while an “energy transition in transport” will ensure reliance on climate-neutral sources of energy, such as wind and solar. Intelligent policy measures will be crucial to enabling the overall transformation. [...]more
The transformation of the transport sector involves comprehensive structural change that will influence the everyday lives of millions of people. This structural change should be guided by the principle of economic efficiency. This will ensure that the objectives of transformation are achieved at the lowest possible cost. However, this commitment to efficiency should not become rigid dogma. By way of example, public acceptance for policy measures is [...]more
Privately owned cars are an important means of transport for many people. In larger cities, however, vehicle ownership is already declining in importance. In cities, public transport as well as walking and cycling are melding with car- and ride-sharing services to create “mobility networks”. However, political support is required to encourage this process of change, which can enable cities to regain valuable space and become more attractive to residents and [...]more
Outside larger cities, privately owned vehicles are difficult to replace and will therefore remain the primary means of transport for the time being. However, electric vehicles will become increasingly common. New opportunities are gradually arising for commuters to travel to work without a car; public transportation services are becoming increasingly flexible; and pedelec technology is improving.more
Digitalisation is inducing wide-reaching changes in the transport sector. Yet whether digitalisation will abet or undermine the objectives of the transport transformation will depend on whether the right policy steps are taken. Digitalisation can only contribute to positive change if it allows the networking of vehicles and infrastructure.more
The direct use of electricity in battery electric vehicles is not only the most energy-efficient option for road transport, but also the economically most advantageous route to decarbonisation. Falling battery costs and increasing vehicle ranges are making e-vehicles ever-more attractive.more
In addition to directly consumed electricity, liquid and gaseous fuels will be needed for the foreseeable future. Yet to be climate-neutral, such fuels must be produced using green electricity. Biofuels can enable significant greenhouse gas reductions, but their production potential is limited. Policymakers must actively shape the phase-out of conventional fuels and encourage adoption of their climate-neutral alternatives.more
Two changes are needed to enable climate-friendly freight transport: First, a significantly larger share of freight must be transported by rail, and second, trucks must become more efficient and ultimately carbon-neutral. Because road transport will remain the dominant mode of freight transport for the time being, policymakers must act quickly to create the right regulatory conditions while working to harmonise rules throughout Europe.more
The success of the energy transition in transport will depend on the significant expansion of renewables generation. Accordingly, we must accelerate the deployment of renewables. While the electrification of transport will increase demand for electricity, it also brings new benefits: vehicle batteries can augment the flexibility of the power sector by providing energy storage, thus accommodating short-term fluctuations in renewable feed-in. Regulatory incentives [...]more
Now more than ever, the transformation of the transport sector requires political planning and coordination. A comprehensive roadmap should be adopted by the government to illuminate the way forward and enable positive change. This roadmap should describe the infrastructure needed to increase the share of rail transport in passenger and freight traffic; should elaborate the change required for high EV penetration rates and digital transport solutions; and should [...]more
The replacement of the combustion engine with alternative drive systems represents the largest challenge ever faced by the automobile industry. Due to the importance of this industry for the German economy, adapting to this change will necessarily have macroeconomic impacts. Negative employment effects could jeopardise public acceptance of the transformation. However, clinging to old business models will likely cost even more jobs.more
Beyond its benefits for climate protection, which is a long-term challenge, the transformation of the transport sector will have a number of benefits for individuals and society that will be felt over the short and medium term – including improved air quality, less noise pollution, and a higher quality of life in urban areas. If the transformation of the transport sector is tackled as a collective societal endeavor, these supplementary benefits will help to [...]more