Infrastructure

Transforming transport requires the integration of various policy perspectives. Only then will it be possible to build the necessary infrastructure for achieving carbon neutrality in the transport sector.

Investment in infrastructure can accelerate the transition to sustainable transport, or it can cement the existing system and make the switch needlessly expensive and protracted. To avoid the latter, various policy perspectives must align towards a common goal of creating a political framework for the transport transformation. Such a framework will help Germany to achieve its goal of a 40 to 42% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 relative to 1990 levels.

One of the first steps to achieving this transformation is strengthening the rail system. Another is the recognition that the transport infrastructure of the future will consist of more than concrete and steel alone. New elements will also include charging points, stations for alternative fuels and nationwide high-speed broadband. The federal government and local municipalities must somehow find the money to finance such investment even as tax revenues fall due to increased electrification. This will only be possible if there are reforms to the current system of taxes, levies and surcharges in the transport and electricity sectors.

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Core results

  1. 1

    The energy transition in the power distribution grids can be successful, even if all passenger vehicles are electrified.

    Grid-friendly charging reduces the peak loads created when vehicles and electric heat pumps are charged simultaneously. It can also shift electricity consumption to times with abundant generation from solar photovoltaics and wind turbines.

  2. 2
  3. 3

    Electromobility can finance the expansion of the distribution network until 2050.

    Electric mobility increases electricity sales, while the overall investment needed for power lines and transformers does not increase. However, it is important that the participants in the mobility transition pay their fair share of grid fees.

  4. 4

    Smart charging can be designed to ensure that users hardly notice any restrictions.

    To achieve this, grid-friendly managed charging must become the standard. We need secure information and communications technologies, incentives and, if necessary, obligatory managed charging. Precautionary indirect control, in the form of incentives for grid-friendly charging, should take precedence over direct control by the distribution grid operator.

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