In the Climate Protection Act of 2019, the German parliament set the goal of achieving climate neutrality by 2050 and enshrined Germany’s existing 2030 greenhouse gas reduction target of -55% (compared with 1990 levels) into law. Since then the European Commission has initiated a discussion in Brussels on increasing the EU’s overall 2030 climate target to minus 50 or minus 55 percent greenhouse gas reduction by 2030.
Most existing climate protection scenarios developed in recent years target the German government's goal to reduce emissions by 80 to 95 percent compared to 1990. To achieve climate neutrality by 2050 these last 5 percent will need to be addressed, posing an extreme challenge
Together with our partner organisations Agora Energiewende and the Climate Neutrality Foundation, we have therefore commissioned Prognos, Öko-Institut and Wuppertal Institute to develop and assess scenarios that would achieve climate-neutrality in Germany, as well as a 2030 target aligned with the current EU discussions on raising climate ambition. The assessment covers all major sectors - energy, industry, buildings, transport, agriculture, land-use and waste – and includes sensitivity analyses.
With the help of this analysis this project aims to describe scientifically based strategies and measures for climate neutrality, with a particular focus on the following questions:
- Which pathways can achieve climate-neutrality in Germany by 2050 at the latest?;
- What do they imply for the interim 2030 targets to be set at EU level this year?
- What are the key elements for achieving the last percentage points of emissions reductions?
In the transport sector, the focus will be on accelerating electrification and shifting traffic to bus, train, walking and cycling.