This November nearly 30,000 delegates are convening in Bonn, Germany, to participate in the 23rd COP summit. While the transport sector was neglected for more than two decades in climate negotiations, it has gained new prominence in the wake of the COP21 summit in Paris. COP23 will focus on how to deliver on the ambitious targets of the Paris Climate Accord. And one thing is clear: limiting global warming to 2ºC will require robust policy action in the transport sector.
The transport sector already consumes more than half of global oil demand and accounts for almost one quarter of global energy-related CO2 emissions. Furthermore, the sector’s emissions are on the rise, with some forecasts predicting emissions to grow 60% by 2050 (ITF Transport Outlook 2017, OECD/ITF). Such projected increases pose a major challenge to climate policy. They underscore that significant progress in reducing CO2 emissions in transport is essential for meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement.
In order to spotlight the crucial importance of the transport sector for climate policy, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and Agora Verkehrswende have compiled the report “Towards Decarbonising Transport – Taking Stock of G20 Sectoral Ambition”. The report summarises the mitigation policies enacted for the transport sector by G20 countries, and illuminates where more action is needed. Ultimately, the report aims to serve as a valuable tool for the climate community to gain a better understanding of the overall status of CO2 mitigation policies in the transport sector.